The Differences Between MIG, TIG, and Stick Welding

The Differences Between MIG, TIG, and Stick Welding

There is not one method of welding for every project. Depending on the simplicity or complexity of the welding project, you’ll need to decide whether to do MIG, TIG or Stick welding to complete it. What is the difference between the three?

Here are the primary differences between MIG, TIG, and Stick welding.


MIG Welding

MIG welding is perhaps the most popular welding method that is a little more complicated than Stick welding but still easier than TIG welding. It offers extra strength and a desirable appearance for the final welded piece.

MIG welding requires using a spool gun device containing a wire-fed consumable electrode and emitting a shielding gas to shield the welding area from oxygen, nitrogen, and other environmental gases.


TIG Welding 

TIG welding is the most advanced welding method better suited for experienced welders. But rather than using a wire-fed consumable metal electrode, it features a non-consumable tungsten electrode. The benefit of the tungsten is it can get to extremely high temperatures while adding extra filler. But the welder must use the torch with one hand and feed filler into it with the other. 

TIG welding offers the most strength, best appearance, and cleanest results.


Stick Welding

Stick welding is the most straightforward and old-fashioned method of welding metal pieces. Beginners should start with this method because it is the easiest to learn. The welder uses an electrode rod to produce a molten weld pool that adjoins the two metal pieces.

No shielding gas is necessary because the flux coating on the rod disintegrates. As a result, you can perform stick welding outside in windy conditions without worrying about gas getting blown around.



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